中国太阳能产品点亮阿联酋新能源未来

近年来,中国增加生产成为世界上最大的太阳能光伏(PV)板。阿联酋政府则计划为清洁能源提供473.1亿美元(Dh1.73万亿美元),在未来五年中,太阳能发电容量将到达370万千瓦。中国企业热衷于增加其在海湾地区的出口基地。...

中国太阳能产品点亮阿联酋新能源未来

近年来,中国增加生产成为世界上最大的太阳能光伏(PV)板。阿联酋政府则计划为清洁能源提供473.1亿美元(Dh1.73万亿美元),在未来五年中,太阳能发电容量将到达370万千瓦。中国企业热衷于增加其在海湾地区的出口基地。

 

“是在中国制造商之间的利益,在阿联酋和该地区发挥更大的作用,因为它作为一个新的市场,他们来了”阿联酋的太阳能行业协会的执行董事瓦希德说。

 

中国制造业的威力已经使得太阳能价格大幅下降,与业界估计瓦光伏面板从约4美元下降到2.5美元左右的成本来源。“我们发现,与事业的谈话,我们能够更接近常规电源的成本结构放在一起。这是背面面板价格在去年下降50%,这是可能受益阿联酋的新兴的太阳能产业。

 

由中国制造商的成本竞争力的技术引进,帮助扩大整个阿联酋的太阳能系统,受益人之一可能是马斯达尔,已宣布100兆瓦的光伏发电项目。马斯达尔履行阿布扎比的承诺来源7%来自可再生能源的需求,到2020年将是关键,该公司已经递交了投标集中的一个100兆瓦的太阳能发电厂西班牙Abengoa公司和法国道达尔。

 

几乎可以肯定的是阿联酋的首个大型光伏电站已经验证中国的太阳能面板的可信性。除了马斯达尔,公司专业的安装和运行,如阿联酋公司Enviromena的,太阳能公园,将获得由太阳能发电的成本下降。

 

中国公司与美国同行合作也越来越密切,以使太阳能空调机组在商业上可推广,在金沙管理咨询公司的首席执行官鲍勃Bryniak说:“这可能对阿联酋地区产生巨大影响,因为70%的空调讲有太阳能提供电力,”他说。

 

China lights up UAE solar future


China has increased production in recent years to become the world's largest producer of solar photovoltaic (PV) panels, as part of a huge investment programme in green technology.

The government plans to make available US$473.1 billion (Dh1.73 trillion) for clean energy over the next five years, and add 370 gigawatts of renewable generation capacity by 2020.

"China has emerged as a renewable energy superpower, redefining the global industry by increasing both the supply and demand for new energy sources," said Sultan Al Jaber, the chief executive at the clean energy company Masdar.

China increased its solar generation targets repeatedly over the course of last year. The initial target of 5 gigawatts by 2015 was doubled in response to the Fukushima nuclear accident in Japan in March, and then upped again to 15 gigawatts.

Chinese companies are struggling to find takers for their products as their production capacity vastly exceeds state-mandated domestic demand growth. This is starting to show on the bottom line, as 10 of the 11 Chinese solar power companies listed in the US reported losses in the third quarter. While some companies have shelved growth plans, others, such as the world's largest panel manufacturer Suntech Power Corporation, are sticking to plans to expand their factories.

On the back of this, Chinese companies are keen to increase their export bases in the Gulf.

"There is interest among manufacturer in China to play a bigger role in the UAE and the region, because it's seen as a new market, and they are coming," said Vahid Fotuhi, the executive director at the Emirates Solar Industry Association.

Chinese officials also voice that ambition. "Abu Dhabi is paving the way for our involvement in both the region's emerging renewable energy industry," said Gao Yusheng, China's ambassador to the UAE, as news of Mr Wen's appearance at WFES broke.

Deploying the might of China's manufacturing sector has led to a sharp drop in the price of solar energy, with industry sources estimating the cost of a watt produced from PV panels declining from about $4 to about $2.50.

"We're finding that in conversation with the utilities, we're able to put together costs structures that are much closer to conventional power. This is on the back of panel prices having dropped 50 per cent in the last year alone," said Mr Fotuhi.

This is likely to benefit the UAE's nascent solar industry.

"The introduction of cost competitive technology by Chinese manufacturers is helping the expansion of solar systems across the UAE," says Mr Fotuhi.

One beneficiary could be Masdar, which has announced a 100 megawatt PV project, Noor 1. Masdar will be key to fulfilling Abu Dhabi's pledge to source 7 per cent of its needs from renewable energy by 2020, and the company has already handed a tender for a 100MW concentrated solar power plant to Abengoa of Spain and Total of France.

Noor 1, almost certain to be the UAE's first large-scale PV plant, could already be furnished with Chinese panels, believes Mr Fotuhi. Apart from Masdar, companies specialising on the installation and running of solar parks, such as the UAE company Enviromena, will gain from the cost of solar power coming down.

Chinese companies working with US counterparts are also getting closer to making solar powered air conditioning units commercially viable, says Bob Bryniak, the chief executive at Golden Sands Management Consulting.

"It could have a tremendous impact on the region and the UAE, because [about] 70 per cent of the peak load is created by air conditioning," he said.

[责任编辑:Sean]

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